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  • Garden aspects are a key consideration when designing and planting a garden. Choosing the right plants for the aspect is key to a successful design as it relates to where the sun moves around the garden. It can be confusing when trying to understand what this means for your garden. The aspect is the position you face when looking out at your garden. This article will help you understand the UK's aspects and how the shade will generally lie in your garden.

    A gardens aspect, the direction your garden faces is one of the first things I do when I’m working on new garden designs. The garden aspect is a crucial part of garden planning. If you ignore the position of the sun in the garden you will struggle to find the correct plants. It also means you may not choose the best seating areas or plan paths that are then shady, damp and slippy.

    Understanding which direction your garden faces

    It’s key that you understand and plan your garden design based on the aspect first. When designing and planting a garden, you can accommodate virtually any aspect/compass direction if you understand it.

    What is garden aspect?

    The garden aspect relates to which of the four points compass points or directions your garden faces.

    Depending on which way your garden faces you will receive different amounts of sun, from different angles at different times of the day. By understanding this you can make the best design choices for where to locate seating areas, garden features and best of all plants!

    To find out the aspect of your garden take a compass, or a compass app on your smartphone, and then point it out towards the back of your garden. As if you are facing away from the house and into the garden. This gives you the main aspect.

    If you have a wrap-around garden then each side will give you another compass direction. This means you can tailor each side based on the light levels and how the sun moves around your garden.

    Garden Ninja walking holding a crate of plants

    The sun rises in the East and sets in the West. This is because the Earth spins with a rotation towards the east. The diagrams below are for Gardens in the Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere aspects need to be switched.

    Garden Aspects Sunlight Guide

    Each compass point will provide different amounts of sunlight during the day and evening. It’s worth noting that garden shade will move throughout the day as the sun arcs over your property. Below are the four main aspects your garden will face and how that affects the shade and sunlight during the day.

    These guides are to give you an idea of where the shade will predominantly lie. This means that the shaded areas will be colder and receive less light than the non-shaded areas. It is also affected by neighbouring properties, trees, fences and other obstructions.

    South facing gardens

    • Receive more sunlight and are usually brighter.
    • Tend to be hotter and warm up earlier in the season.
    • May require more watering as they tend to have drier soils.
    • Can require more planning for shady seating areas they can get super warm!
    Aspect Plan South

    North facing gardens

    • Receive less sunlight or dappled shade which will affect planting choices.
    • Tend to be cooler and only warm up later in the season.
    • Has fewer high and low extremes of temperature.
    • Longer gardens may be less affected as they could get light pockets at the far end
    Aspect Plan North

    East facing gardens

    • Will receive more sunlight in the morning, perfect for breakfast on the patio!
    • Will be darker in the afternoon and evening.
    • Include garden lighting in your design, maybe a fire pit if you’re a night owl that wants to entertain in the evening
    Aspect Plan East

    West facing gardens

    • Will receive more sunlight in the afternoon and evening. Perfect for the party house!
    • Will be darker in the morning, with shade nearest the house.
    Aspect Plan West

    Another helpful tip is to see what plants and trees are flourishing in your next-door neighbour’s gardens to each side.  This can be a good trick to work out what kind of plants work well in your aspect. Take your time when planning your garden, really work out where the sun moves to and from.

    Think about your garden design and where you would like to sit, eat, relax and sunbathe. The same goes for your plant choices, a few carefully considered planting groups will work much better than a ‘pick and mix’ have a go planting scheme.

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    Whats the best garden aspect to face?

    Most people are aware of the ‘South facing’ garden and how this is the holy grail for horticulturists. This is because south-facing gardens usually get full sun all day long. A south-facing garden gives you the widest possibility for both design and planting.

    You can always create shade in a south-facing garden if it gets too hot but you can’t create sunlight in a shaded north-facing garden. This is why south facing gardens are often highly sought after.

    A south-facing garden is not the be-all and end-all though. I’m going to help explain using diagrams and examples of how to work out the aspect of your garden. I’ll also be sharing hints and tips in the guide below on garden aspects to help you get the most out of your garden.

    Plants for a South Facing Garden

    With a south-facing garden choose plants that enjoy full sun and warm temperatures. There are obviously plants that will cope with a bit of dappled shade too but here are some full sun worshipers! A few examples to get you started would be

    • Echinacea
    • Asteraceae family (Daisies)
    • Lillies
    • Iris
    • Erysimum cheiri (Wallflowers)
    • Eryngium
    • Salvia
    • Verbascum
    Echinacea and Heleniums love hot south facing gardens

    Prairie planting schemes will work incredibly well in these gardens as they love full sun and a mix of moist & dry conditions. Grasses will tolerate dry and damp conditions whilst Prairie plants like Heleniums love a damp sunny spot. Have a look below at how even a small garden can benefit from a prairie border scheme.

    Plants for a North Facing Garden

    Any plant that thrives in shade or cooler conditions will love a North Facing Garden. Given the fact that north facing gardens receive the lowest light levels you’re going to need plants that enjoy these conditions in the wild.

    A selection of popular north facing garden plant examples are:

    • Hostas
    • Ferns
    • Dicentra
    • Vinca major
    • Viburnum
    • Erythronium (Dogtooth violet)
    • Begonia
    • Primula vulgaris
    • Aquilegia vulgaris
    Hostas in a shady garden bed
    If you have a shady garden work with it. Choose shade-loving plants that will thrive.

    East and West Facing Garden Plants

    Now for East and West, it’s not quite as critical as you are going to get a mix of light and shade. So the advice here would be to choose plants carefully for parts of the garden that feature more heavily in the shade or full sun. You really have the best of both worlds!

    As east facing gardens get morning sun, plants that need sun will also need to be positioned where the most light falls in the morning. Conversely west fac ing gardens usually get the evening sun at the end of the garden so plants that need sun will be better placed there.

    Don’t forget also that any structures you include in the garden will create shade even in a south facing garden.

    Garden Blogger Lee Burkhill hand drawing a garden design

    Choosing the right plant for the right place is the most sensible approach to garden design planting. As hard as you try you are not going to get a shade loving plant to thrive in full sun or vice versa. The RHS website is an excellent resource for locating pants for aspects and soil types. It’s also essential if you’re designing your own garden to work out a consistent theme or feel for the garden.

    The best place to start is by working out if you prefer a formal or informal garden design. Then the sky is the limit, let your creative juices flow!

    Summary

    Ignoring the aspect of your garden is often at your peril. As much as you may want that Fig tree to fill your garden with Mediterranean summery sunshine, if your plots a damp North facing garden then you may need to readjust your planting requirements! That’s not to say you can’t have an incredible garden; it just needs a more selective plant approach.

    The next thing I must urge you to check before designing a new garden is what soil type you have. Without understanding soil, your best-laid garden design plans may fail to launch. Check Out my guide to soil types here.

    Garden Ninja digging a trench for a hedge

    If you’re new to gardening then my beginner gardening playlist below will help get you up to speed quickly! It should help you make fewer gardening mistakes and succeed more in your garden design journey!

    Need more help with your garden?  Why not get in touch on social media on the links below or use Garden Ninjas garden design service?

    Garden Ninja book an online consultation button

    You can TweetFacebook or Instagram me with your questions or ideas! You can also follow me on Youtube where I’ve got plenty of garden guide vlogs.

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    10 thoughts on “Garden aspects explained: understanding the direction your garden faces

    1. Jill Walker says:

      Thanks Garden Ninja, I never understood aspects before and used to get so confused on what garden aspects actually referred to!

      I love Hostas but have a very open south east facing garden, can I plant them in full sun?

      Jill.

      1. lee says:

        Hi Jill, Thanks for the feedback on my garden design blog! I’m glad my garden aspects post has helped you to understand the positioning of your garden correctly.

        You can plant hostas in sun but you may find you need to water them more regularly and they may turn slightly yellow if in real heat and sun. Garden Ninjas advice would be to plant them under a tree or somewhere with at least some shade then you can get the best out of them. It also adds a nice foliage rich texture to shady areas! Or plant it in a pot and see how it does in the sun one year before committing it to the ground!

        All the best

        Lee

    2. Nicky says:

      I’m thinking of buying a house with a north/west garden, as a keen gardener and sun lover is this going to be a big no no? I keep looking at your fab aspect guides but I’m still confused! Help!

      1. lee says:

        Hi Nicky, No of course it isn’t! It’s all about the right plant for the right place. Unless you really want to grow flowers and plants that will only survive in full sun then I wouldn’t be put off a North / West garden. You need to balance off the right house and right garden. There’s a huge selection of plants you could use. However, if you’re tick list of must-haves is all day sun (when we get it in the UK) then maybe you do need to consider a different property! All the best with your new house hunt! Lee

    3. Rebecca says:

      Hi.
      Your website is fab. Trying to understand if I buy a south east garden lined by large trees at the bottom inc. One with a tpo and what looks like young silver birches planted along the remainder. How much sun I would get? Are these silver birch type trees fast growing. This is 10m from back of house.
      I love gardening and being out doors do nervous!! Currently live in a west facing garden which I love and has no blockage from trees etc close by.

      Any advice would be much appreciated. Thanks 🙂

      1. lee says:

        Hi Rebecca,

        Great to hear from you and I’m really glad you like the site!

        If you’re going to buy a house with large trees the best way to see how much sunlight you would get is to book a viewing both in the morning and the early evening before the sun sets. That’s the best way to truly see where the shade lies. Birch are not mega fast growing and are usually chose by designers as they don’t cast huge amounts of shade. Birch (Betulas) canopies are usually quite thin when compared to say a large leafed variety tree such as Horse Chesnut (Aesculus hippocastanum).

        Defo go and have a nosey around during those times. Other than that I’d say also think about how much time you spend outside vs inside too. You can always find a sunny spot in most gardens. Don’t give up on your dream house just because of the aspect. There’s plenty of plants for shade! Hope that helps! Lee

    4. Paul says:

      Great article, very useful! As few gardens are truly N, E, S or W facing it would be great if you could update (with diagrams!) to consider gardens that are SE, NW etc.

    5. Mary Stiller says:

      Hello Ninja!
      Greetings from Northwestern Washington State. I’m so lucky that our gardening zones are similar. Just bought my first house & I have no idea what I’m doing in the garden. Your videos and blogs are great! I had to transplant a rose out of season – actually in the dead of summer – because of the move. It was hard pruned and replanted the same day. I used some root stimulator and have been feeding it worm casings. It hasn’t died – yet. But I’m worried if it will survive the winter. Is there anything I can do to help it through the cold season?
      Thank you!

      1. lee says:

        Hi Mary, Great to hear from you. It sounds like you’ve followed all the advice I would give you on how to transplant a rose. Cutting it back is essential along with keeping it watered. I’d give it a thick compost mulch during the winter. I’d also follow my rose pruning vlog here in late winter to make sure it bounces back! Thanks for your kind comment on my vlog and check back soon for more from me, the Garden Ninja! Happy Gardening. Lee https://youtu.be/-Occ2WuIBnU

    6. Emma says:

      Hi. Thanks for your video about aspect.
      Very confused, as the shaded areas seem to be in the opposite areas i thought they would be.
      Thank you.
      Emma

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