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  • Wildflower meadows are making a come back and for good reason. These wildlife-rich flower beds offer a haven for insects and bees. Even in the smallest garden, you can create a mini wildflower meadow. So come join me as I show you the easiest way to create that wildflower meadow garden!

    When you think of meadows you may think of acres of rolling hillside, Julie Andrews and lazy summer days. However, the wildflower meadow is under threat from over development of green spaces. So now a number of gardeners are looking to recreate smaller versions of these in their own gardens. Helping to create a refuge for nature and also increase the beauty of our their gardens in fighting back the tide of concrete.

    This guide is going to show you how any size garden can benefit from either a mini meadow or at least incorporating some fuss-free wildlife-friendly plants.

    Types of Wildflower Meadow Explained

    There are two main types of wildflower meadow. Which ever you choose has its benefits and drawbacks which I’ll explain in this article.

    1. Annual wildflower meadow
    2. Perennial wildflower meadow

    Annual Wildflower Meadow Tips

    An annual wildflower meadow is based upon a mix of annual (single season) plants that both grown, flower, set seed and then die each year. These annual meadows often feature the more showy and varied flower colours.

    Contrary to many peoples belief they are hard to establish and difficult to maintain without significant input each year. You’re either going to be sowing seeds or laying wildflower turf to start your meadow.

    Annual wildflower meadow

    If you’ve been led to believe all you need to do is scatter a wildflower seed mix down on lawn or some open ground then sit back with the Chablis you’re sadly wrong. Your chances of success and germination deteriorate severely without significant preparation and removal of weeds or existing plants.

    Annual Meadow Seed Mix Example

    Below is an example of some of the annual wildflower seed species you may find. Sometimes these are pre-mixed in packets with a number of other native and non-native species. They are used mainly for first-year colour with some establishment each year after.

    • Ammi majus (Bishops Weed)
    • Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed Susan)
    • Centaurea cyanus (Cornflower)
    • Delphinium ajacis (Larkspur)
    • Atriplex hortensis (Red Orache)
    • Eschscholzia californica (Californian Poppy)
    • Agrostemma githago (Common Corncockle)
    • Linaria maroccana (Moroccan Toadflax)
    • Matricaria inodora (Wild Chamomile)
    Wildflower meadow

    The drawbacks with an annual meadow are the amount of initial preparation to get the seed mix to germinate and establish. These annual meadows require really poor soil to germinate and will not usually succeed if grasses or other weeds are present. This means you have to strip any turf or weeds from the area before sowing. If you have very fertile ground these seeds will struggle to take.

    Annual wildflower mixes are freely available but need poor, weed and grass free soil to have a solid chance of success.

    More often than not I hear from people who have tried to sow annual meadows but either failed to prepare the site properly or too high a soil quality scuppers their efforts!

    You’re also totally reliant on self-seeding each year. So you have to leave your meadow to flower, set seed then distribute it naturally. This is why in year two a number of species may disappear as they don’t manage to set viable seeds or more competitive species outcompete them.

    Perennial Wildflower Meadow Plant Mix

    Whilst I love annual meadows I’m also a fan of saving both time and effort in the garden. Especially with new gardeners where failure can often put them off continuing! I also have a niggle with creating picture perfect meadow mixes that in reality would never thrive each year without huge amounts of interference. So I always prefer to use perennial native wildflower species instead when planting meadow mixes.

    You may not get every colour under the sun but you can create a far more sympathetic and longer-lasting effect. Which both benefits wildlife from continued pollen/food sources and you the gardener from not having to reseed every year! In my experience, they can compete with grasses especially if some Toadflax is added to the mix. I also find it gets back to the true essence of what a meadow is without it being too fiddled with for Instagram worthy beauty alone.

    Perennial wild flowers growing in a cold frame
    I’m going to show you how easy it is to cheaply grow an abundance of perennial wild flowers for your meadow

    Top 10 Wildflower Perennial Meadow Plants

    I use the following mix here in the UK for my meadow planting. Proven as either tough UK natives or real ‘doers’ in the garden these species can quite happily tolerate a bit of competition and come back year after year. You’re not going to lose sleep on your well-earned summer holiday in Spain that they may not get pollinated before Autumn comes!

    1. Inula helenium (Elecampane)

    Elecampane Inula helenium wild flower
    Elecampane is tall and a all you can eat buffet for wildlife

    2. Polemonium caeruleum (Jacobs Ladder)

    Jacobs ladder plant wild flower meadow
    Jacobs Ladder – a rarely seen herb which is a UK native.

    3. Hyssopus officinalis (Blue Hyssop)

    Blue hyssop wildflower meadow plant
    Blue Hyssop (semi evergreen too!)

    4. Malva sylvestris (Common Mallow)

    Mallow wildflower meadowplant
    Mallow – bright pink and beautiful

    5. Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)

    Yarrow Achillea wildflower meadow
    Yarrow – A favourite road side plant – Can take over if left unchecked – great for a large space

    6. Leucanthemum vulgare (Oxeye Daisy)

    Oxeye daisy for a wildflower meadow
    Oxeye daisies will tolerate abuse and neglect great for time poor or new gardeners!

    7. Linaria vulgaris (Toadflax – parasitic plant)

    Toadflax parasitic wildflower meadow plant
    Toadflax – don’t fear its competitive nature, it will help slow down competing grasses it wont eat your children or ruin your life!

    8. Cichorium intybus (Chicory)

    Chicory wildflower meadow plant
    Chicory has a light airy habit and provides baby blue flowers.

    9. Artemisia absinthium (Wormwood)

    Wormwood herbaceous perennial plant
    Wormwood is technically a deciduous shrub but has yellow flowers. Good to add some midheight structure to a meadow.

    10 .Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)

    Rudbeckia flowers in a garden design garden ninja
    Rudbeckia is one of my favourite plant Genus. These beauties whilst not native will transport you to the American prairie lands!

    How to Plant a Wildflower Meadow

    Ok so let’s get down to business with my guide. Planting out a perennial wildflower meadow is far easier to do and more cost-effective than laying annual meadow turf or having to spend weeks removing turf to then reseed. This is because you’re only paying for the seed, some compost and then your own time in sowing them on a window sill or greenhouse.

    My method is to grow all of your own perennial wild flowers from seed which is both super cost effective and far more fun than the drop and run approach of annual seeds. You’ll also get to really know your meadow plants and get a real sense of achievement as you watch them germinate. I have grown all of the above plants time and time again with no drama. So this is a real fool proof way of creating a wildflower meadow.

    Garden Ninja watering a greenhouse
    Growing a perennial wildflower meadow from seed is easier and more cost effective.

    Lastly, this method allows you to scale the meadow up and down by growing plants according to the size of the plot. Whether its a meter wide strip at the end of a lawn or 4 acres of the grassy paddock!

    Step by Step Perennial Meadow Planting Guide

    Step 1: Choose a mix of herbaceous perennials wild flower candidates. The list above is not exhaustive but gives a nice mix of pink, blue, white and yellow wildflowers. Most of which are either native or have herbal properties (always triple check plant idents before eating or using them!).

    A wooden seed bench full of pots garden ninja
    Growing your own perennial plants is easy whether it’s in a greenhouse or a window ledge

    Step 2: As soon as spring arrives, ie March in the UK start to sow your wildflower seeds under glass or on a window ledge. (There’s more detail on sowing seeds here and below). Remembering to sow them thinly and get ready to have many more plants than you initially expected. Good news for your friends and family!

    seed tray with seeds on

    Step 3: Once your seeds have germinated and put on some growth, pot them on and then harden them off a few weeks after.

    Garden Ninja growing wildflower seedlings
    I try and grow without plastic as much as possible.

    Step 4: Choose a suitable area for your wildlife meadow. It may be at the bottom of a lawn or an unloved border that’s a bit lacklustre. Ideally, you want to remove as many perennial weeds as possible. Though with this method you don’t need to totally cultivate the ground if it’s in an ok condition.

    Garden Ninjas wildflower meadow area
    Whether its a large or small space work out the area. All wildflowers need a sunny site where possible.

    Step 5: Work out how many plants you need for this area – or use the amount you have to dictate the space you’ll be giving over to the mini meadow! Ideally, space your plants about 60cm apart. Always check the ultimate height and growth. Planting closer than this can lead to them competing with each other. A 1m x 4m strip of the lawn may only need 5-10 plants depending on the species.

    Garden Ninja carrying a crate of plants

    Step 6: If planting in lawn dig out a circle of turf that’s 30cm diameter around the small plant. Remove the turf and then plant in your wildflower plant. This gives it a better chance of survival. I also keep the grass around these plants cut short so they get the best access to light and water whilst they establish. I try and plant in drifts of different plants for a more natural look rather than a formal pattern.

    A perennial wildflower meadow being planted

    Step 7: Keep your new plants watered and free from weeds and grasses immediately around them for the first year. This enables them to get established. In the first year they probably wont flower but will establish their roots.

    Garden Ninja holding a watering can
    Comedy watering cans are option but more fun

    Step 8: Now for the brutal part. In October when the season is over mow over or scythe back the entire meadow area. Remembering that these herbaceous perennials and grasses will come back. This is essential. If not you will end up with a brown crispy mess come spring. I then mow again early March the following spring and then leave the meadow all season until October again. It really is mega low fuss once it’s established!

    Garden Ninja ride on mower smiling
    Choose the mower to suit the size of your medow – you could even use a strimmer is small

    The final thing to note is that we are not trying to completely remove weeds of grasses from growing. A true meadow mix has an abundance of weedy plants and grasses mixed in. This is what makes it so rich and diverse for wildlife. What we are aiming to do is add a few more flowering specimens to stop the area just turning weedy and monotone with its plants.

    Growing Wildflowers from seed

    Growing all wildflowers from seed under glass or on a window ledge couldn’t be simpler. Most of these species require nutrient poor soil to germinate so always use seed compost where possible. I’ve also used ‘spent’ compost some times ie compost from a tub of annuals that have finished the year before.

    How long will a Wildflower Meadow take to bloom?

    There’s no quick way to establish a wildflower meadow. Whether you’re sowing annual seeds or growing herbaceous perennials like I’ve chosen, its year 2 when you see results. With the perennial method you’ve got a greater chance of success as the plants are already growing when you plant them. However you will get far brighter colours with an annual mix if you prepare the ground and provide the effort to get it going.

    Once you’ve got your wildflower meadow going though its relatively easy to maintain, no real need to water or weed just cut back early spring and again in October when the seasons finished. if you want to watch my series on wildlife garden design for more hints and tips please checkout the playlist below and make sure you follow me on Social Media.

    I’d love to hear from you on Social media either by TweetingFacebook or Instagram about how your gardens are doing. If you need gardening advice why not check out my Youtube Gardening guides and subscribe if you haven’t already!

    Make sure you come back soon to see the results of my meadow as it progresses.

    Happy Gardening!

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    4 thoughts on “How to create a wildflower meadow – the easy way!

    1. CJ says:

      I adore wildflower fields. My next home will have more acreage and I fully intend to have a wildflower field out my backdoor.

    2. Sam says:

      Love to do this but struggling to get the seed separately where would you suggest online to get them please
      Thanks sam

      1. lee says:

        Hi Sam, Jekkas is a good site for wild flower and herb seeds. Try there if you’re struggling. Happy Gardening! Lee

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